What is SMPS and How Does it Work?

Do you know what is SMPS (What is SMPS)? Everyone uses a computer in today’s world, whether it is a desktop or a laptop, but it also has different parts inside it, then those parts want electricity but this is very less than the electricity we use in our house. Talk, TV, FRIDGE, IRON, OVEN VEGETA all use it directly to 220V-240V, but if this is the same.

we will direct the components of the computer to the other, then everything will burn, so how much power should I want to tell you today. Of computer And Voltage How is control and cones, so let’s be aware of what SMPS.

What is SMPS?

The full name of SMPS is Switch Mode Power Supply. This is an Electronic Circuit if you purchase separately for the desktop, you will get some square shapes that are SMPS, it gives power to different parts of the Device Computer such as RAM, Motherboard, Fan. By the way, the MotherBoard has electricity from different parts.

Now we know a bit about its work, first of all, when the main power supply is given to the computer from the home board, then it is first in the form of EXTERNAL CURRENT, after that it is SMPS This SMPS converts it into DC so that it uses the capacitor and DIODE, with the help of this regulator, the switch is ever ON and sometimes OFF means that the switch mode changes, sometimes DC uses AC In CONVERT and sometimes AC in DC, its name is also called Switch Mode Power Supply The Yata.

What is known now is the Switch Mode Power Supply?

How SMPS works?

What is SMPS? First of all I come to the current computer from Cable, then it is the small device inside the SMPS that goes through it, the first goes to the AC filter, in the process of AC filtering there Between Neutral and Phase, NTC, Fuse, Line Filter, PF Capacitor is used, its output is given to Rectifier and Filter, which converts it from AC to DC.

which was Rectifier and which was filter Convert in Smooth DC with the help of capacitor, the output of this process is Pure DC and It was given to the switching transistor, so here we use two NPN transistor which gives an AC output with the help of switching Cycle, we give it to another process called SM transformer.

After the matter of SMP’s PRIMARY CIRCUIT, this is once given to the Rectifier and Filter, which again converts this AC supply to it and once in Smooth DC (remember one thing to keep from the transformer in the house.

The current which comes in AC and Battery which is current is DC Audience is) after the action occurs in Output turned out that three Form A 12VOLT, 5 VOLT, 3 VOLT. This is the primary and secondary circuit of SMPS.

But the Rectifier and Filter of the primary circuit would connect with an Output Starter transformer and it would connect with Starter, which is connected with an Amplifier IC and it has a small output Output WIRE, an amplifier IC is a similar area of SMPS.

where The work of complete management is done. Amplifier IC is available from Tinn Major Cable, which is a green which is the power on cable, comes in the second violet colour.

which gives the stand by the current of +5 volt, and the third is what comes in the grey colour, which is called Power Bood cable. I have spoken.

What is SMPS and How Does it Work?

These three output cable are given to MotherBoard. Switching transister and amplifier IC connects with a driver and it is controlled by the amplifier IC. A secondary sensing wire comes from the Secondary Switching Circuit, which tells the Amplifier IC that the load is increasing, then at the same time DRIVER, which increases the SWITCHING Transiter on -off process, and which keeps getting the Voltage in a constant speed.

[su_note note_color=”#eeff66″]Which is + 12volt, + 5volt and + 3volt, and this process is called Switching Mode Power Supply. MotherBoard gets 12v, 5v, and 3v SMPS when the power of green cable is on. Something like this works SMPS.[/su_note]

By the way current means Flow of Charge.

They are two types:-

1. Direct Current
2. Alternative Current

In the Alternative Current, the flow of charge is in both directions, here positively from negative and negative to positive in both directions, but if we talk about the current current, then this is just a flow in the eyes that is negative to positive .

A good example of this is that the battery which you use in your TV and watch, DC current is released from the battery. It is a bit better to understand that the electricity that comes in your home is an example of an alternative current and the battery that is in the remote is Direct Current.

If our computer is DC current, convert the alternative current to DC to convert the device The same is your SMPS used.

Types of SMPS (Types SMPS?)

1. DC Converter from DC
2. Forward Converter
3. Flyback Converter
4. Self-Oscillating Flyback Converter

1. DC Converter from DC
This is the type of a SMPS converter in which you get the CURRENT near the SMPS, which is AC before converting it to DC, which passes through the current DC Converter first passes through the primary side of the Step Down Transformer. , This is a part of step down transfermer SMPS which is 50 Hz, this voltage rectified and filter holes passes in the secondary part of the transfermer, now it goes out of the Output Voltage Power and moves into different parts. . The output of this is sent back to the switch once more. To control the voltage.

2. Forward Converter
This is also a converter that can carry current through choke whether or not the transistor does its job or not. When the transistor is completely closed, then this work diodes. So this is why the energy inside the load is done at the time of both the off and on, but choke keeps the energy, at ON Period, and some energy to the Output Load.

3. Flyback Converter
In the Flyback Converter, when the switch is on, the inductor’s Magnetic Field Energy Store does. When the switch on is in position, the energy output is empty in the voltage circuit. Duty Cycle determines the output voltage. This is its job.

4. Self-Oscillating Flyback Converter::-
This is the most posture and basic converter that works on the flyback. At the time of the transduction, the switching transistor increases from transfer to primarily linearly according to a slope, which is Vin / Lp.

According to the type of SMPS used:

The type of power supply depends on its size and usage. Its type is AT SMPS, ATx SMPS, Baby SMPS But most AT and ATx are used more often.

Here is the full name of AT SMPS Advance Technology SMPS, and the full name of ATx SMPS is Advance Technology extended SMPS.

SMPS Connectors:

1. 20 + 4 Pin ATX
This is a MotherBoard Connector, which gives the charge of the motherboard +12 volt to the connector. This connector uses AT SMPS 20 and ATX SMPS 24 Pin. 24 pin connector and 24 pin motherboard are used.

2. CPU4 + 4 pin connector
This connector is for CPU, which uses 4-pin, which is all 12v and is a connector whose name is SATA Power Connector.

3. SATA Power Connector
Computer has Hard Disk and DVD ROM which gives them Power Connector Power. These were some information about SMPS Power Connector This is a 4 pin connector.

How SMPS will be in the future:

There will be further special SMPS which can convert the Voltage from the best and can be done as well. Some of the points given below will go further.

  • Can give output
  • Could carry more voltage and produce less voltage
  • Increase the power of power
  • Switching mode and working fast

My final decision:-

If you repair your hardware, and if you repair the hardware then you have more benefits, but you have been able to make sure that what is SMPS?) can answer this question, with SMPS being a major contributor to our computer, we also know how this device works, with the help of Switch Mode Power Supply Technology, smaller than Is being made, and in small small devices May be imposed, if still any question you want to ask surely written down Comment Box and ours Blog surely.

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